A hernia takes effect when there is a weakness or hole in the muscular wall. As such, the condition creates a bulge in the area, as it allows your organs and tissues to push through. Hernias can be classified into five different types: inguinal, hiatal, femoral, umbilical, and incisional. The common symptoms of a hernia can vary, depending on the type you have. For some, a hernia may not be noticed until an annual physical checkup at your doctors. Still, the first symptom that an individual can see is a protruding bulge on the groin, upper thigh, or abdominal area. The bulge can produce a significant amount of pain and discomfort especially when standing, lifting, or coughing; yet it may also disappear when lying down. As the lump starts off small and grows over time, it can increase swelling, and be sensitive to touch. Individuals also can complain about nausea and vomiting. Those who suffer from hiatal hernias express severe stomach issues, where they tend to feel quite full after even a small meal, and deal with acid reflux issues. Infants, babies and children can also develop hernias, and show the same signs as adults, yet not be able to communicate them to parents effectively. Caregivers will notice a protruding bulge around the abdominal areas when their young ones are crying, coughing or straining during a bowel movement. This lump will disappear when they have calmed down, or when they are sleeping.
At the end of the day, hernias sometimes cannot be prevented, but there certain issues that enhance the reasoning behind why this condition will develop. They include:
Weight Issues: Gaining weight can increase one’s chances of developing a hernia, due to the added pressure on the abdomen. Maintaining a healthy weight through exercise and proper nutrition is a great step in reducing your risk of getting a hernia.
Pregnancy: It can be a wonderful time in a women’s life, however the additional pressure of carry a baby on one’s stomach can also increase your chances of a hernia.
Just Born With It: Known as congenital defects, sometime individuals are born with abdominal muscles that have not closed, after the umbilical cord has been cut. Others are simply born with a weaker muscular wall, and are susceptible to a hernia.
All In a Day’s Work: Individuals with jobs that require heavy lifting open themselves up to hernia risks daily.
Surgery: Those who have just had an operation in and around their stomach area are at risk of a type of hernia called incisional hernia; with is due to the weakening scar tissue that develops after surgery.
Constipation: The straining while trying to have a bowel movement is one of the top causes of developing a hernia.
Coughing: This could be a result of a terrible illness, or smoking. Either way, chronic coughing and sneezing can both result in a hernia.